Autologous conditioned serum is a specialised injection technique to reduce the pain and inflammation in osteoarthritis and to aid in healing tendon and muscle injuries.

Osteoarthritis refers to the breakdown of the special lining of the joints called cartilage. We know this is caused by both mechanical wear and chronic inflammation. One of the main messenger proteins in this process is called interleukin-1 (or IL-1). Orthokine therapy works by amplifying the natural components of your own blood that block IL-1.

Developed in Germany in 1997 and previously available to international and AFL professional athletes, we can now offer the same treatment at our St Andrew’s rooms, South Terrace, Adelaide.


Autologous conditioned serum is not a standard treatment but has shown benefit in knee OA, after ACL reconstruction, Achilles tendon injury and muscle injury. As with any treatment, the results vary between individuals.


The main benefit is likely to be in osteoarthritis where traditional treatments have not controlled your pain but you want to avoid or delay joint replacement surgery. It may also have benefits in muscle and tendon injury.


A referral is needed from your GP, sports doctor or surgeon.
At the time, you will need to be free from any acute infection, recent antibiotics or vaccinations.

We take a sample of blood from a vein in your arm, just like any blood test. This is specially treated and the blood is stored, frozen, so we can use it for a series of injections into the joint or tendon/muscle. This is usually 1-2 per week and up to six can be performed for a treatment.

Post Procedure Care

You will need to rest from any vigorous activity for 2 days but can then return to normal daily activities and light duties. Avoid those movements that are known to aggravate your problem. As with any injection, success is more likely as part of an ongoing treatment programme guided by your doctor.

Risks / Side Effects

Because we are re-injecting your own blood, there is no risk of allergic reaction. Sometimes the injection can cause mild irritation. Any injection carries a small risk of introducing infection, about 1 in 30,000.

Before your Scan

It is a good idea to wear clothing that allows easy access to the area that is being imaged.


To be confirmed.